Celestial, Map of the Moon; Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr / Jean Baptiste Homann - Tabula Selenographica in qua Lunarium (..) - 1742

Omschrijving
Celestial, Map of the Moon; Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr / Jean Baptiste Homann - Tabula Selenographica in qua Lunarium (..) - 1742
The famous first comparative chart of the Moon from which the names of many lunar features have been derived.

Dimensions: 50 x 60 cm. plus margins

Condition: Backed on china paper. Creases on central fold (lettering) restored. Original colors. Overall in good aesthetic condition and ready for framing. Verso: blank

A very interesting and decorative double hemisphere map of the moon based upon the models of Johannes Hevelius (the left) and Giovanni Battista Riccioli (the right) published by J.B. Homann in Nuremberg in 1742.
Both spheres depict the same side of the moon and are filled with topography, using place names following the nomenclature of Riccioli (names of famous people and scientists) and Hevelius (geographical names of place on the earth).
Between the two spheres is a scheme of the phases of the moon and different lunar phases are represented in the four corners. The map is decorated at top with cherubs using a telescope and Diana, the goddess of the moon. Text panels at bottom.
It displayed for the first time the complexity of the moon's topography, although it perpetuated certain myths such as the existence of lunar seas. Few of the place-names proposed by Hevelius became permanent, indeed one of the most striking aspects of his maps is the elaborate analogy he built up between the topography of the moon and that of the earth, with the Mediterranean, North Africa and Asia Minor dominating the moon's visible face. (If you turn the map 90 degrees counter-clockwise and examine the sphere on the left, notice that the shaded area dominating the lower center of the sphere resembles the Mediterranean Sea. Hevelius named the landform in the middle of this region Sicilia and the crater in its center M. Aetna.) For some 140 years, the two systems of lunar cartography competed with each other. Although Hevelius' system was influential, the cumbersome Latin names gave way to the easier to remember and more popular system devised by Riccioli - the system that left the possibility for scientists to someday have a lunar feature named for them.

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