della Porta - De hum[ana] physiognomonia - 1586

della Porta - De hum[ana] physiognomonia - 1586
Fysionomie, criminologie - Aantal: 1 - Boek

First edition, very rare.
Numerous engravings, also on full page, showing the correspondence between the human physical type and its characteristic animal.
Drawings that allow to identify the traits of criminal or murderous propensity, rudeness, irascibility, lack of discipline, intelligence and modesty.

First rare edition of the first book printed in Vico Equense, written by the famous Neapolitan mathematician and physician (Naples 1535-1615), founder of the "Accademia degli Oziosi", expert in occult sciences and founder of physiognomy.
Very large iconographic apparatus and wonderful workmanship, which will influence subsequent generations of scientists. Interesting figurative analogies between animals and humans on which the author bases his theories, then developed by Lombroso, according to which somatic characters are evident expression of character.

Auction on Invaluable: Est: €2,000 - €4,560 - Sold: €2,200
On Marelibrorum EUR 3.800

Full title:
Baptistae Portae, Neapolitani, De hum[ana] physiognomonia libri IIII : ad Aloysium Card. Estensem
Vico Equense, Giuseppe Cacchi, 1586.
(2) - 265 Pp; pagination errors: 12-13, 92-93, 265 and 272 numbered 13-14, 86, 83, 272 and 265 respectively.

Title page with portrait of the author and dedication. On p., portrait of Cardinal Luigi d'Este to whom the work is dedicated in an elaborate Baroque setting. Numerous engravings in the text, some on full page. First rare edition of this famous work which is also the first book printed in Vico Equense. Giovanni Battista Della Porta was the founder of physiognomy and this work is one of the first ones on the subject, of considerable influence on subsequent generations of scientists, including Lavater. Interesting analogies between plants, animals and humans that allows to identify in the latter the traits of rudeness, irascibility, lack of discipline, intelligence and modesty.

Bibliography / ID / Reference: OLSCHKI 9329, BRUNET IV P.825, WELLCOME 5196, WALLER 7566, DURLING 3720, HEIRS 232, GARRISON-MORTON 150, OSLER 3714, CUSHING P.346, BIRD 1974, CICOGNARA 2454, BRUNET 6991, BL IT BOOKS P.536, GARRISON HIST. MED. P.231, CASTIGLIONI P.515

Half leather binding with blue cardboard plates, a few stains, ink notes and underscores, erased owner’s signature, a few sheets (including the title) with marginal loss of paper (>) but professionally restored.

One of the three editions that contain the original copper-engraved illustrations: title page (with portrait of the author), engraved portrait of Cardinal Luigi d'Este (dedicatee), 2 full-page engravings of a man and a woman (repeated once), and 27 copper plates (repeated several times in the text).

An extraordinary illustrated book of the sixteenth century, and one of the first works on physiognomy, which precedes by about two hundred years Lavater's attempts to estimate the human character by characteristics of the face. Porta's treatises on human physiognomy attempt to "scientifically" establish the correspondence between the external form of the body and the internal character of a person, in particular the mental and moral attributes. Physiognomy (literally 'knowledge of nature') is the art of reading a person's character, disposition, even his future from the marks on his face.

Giovanni Battista Della Porta, also referred to as Giambattista or Giovambattista (Vico Equense, 1 November 1535 - Naples, 4 February 1615), was an Italian philosopher, alchemist, playwright and scientist.
Fisiognomica e fitognomonica.

To create this work, Della Porta visited, among other things, all the public prisons, where there is always a multitude of mobsters, patricides, street murderers, and other men of similar character. He also observed their profiles, comparing them with those of animals, to find connections and provide interpretations.

In 1586 the publisher J. Cacchi of Vico Equense published the work De humana physiognomonia in 4 libri sulla fisiognomica, dedicated to Cardinal Luigi d’Este, which will the influence the work of the Swiss Johann Kaspar Lavater (1741-1801), of which we present the first edition here.

He believes that «l'animo non è impassibile rispetto ai moti del corpo e, così come il corpo, si corrompe per le passioni». He carefully studies the signs of the hands (especially of criminals), convinced that such signs are not the result of chance but important clues to fully understand the character of men.

Aantal boeken
Fysionomie, criminologie
Auteur/ Illustrator
della Porta
De hum[ana] physiognomonia
Publicatiejaar oudste item
Eerste druk
Oorspronkelijke taal
Vico Equense, Giuseppe Cacchi
Harde kaft
Aantal pagina‘s.
319×229 mm
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